Terpenes are a component of cannabis. Recent studies suggest that terpenes may have the ability to reduce inflammation ado to reduce pain. This study may have merit, especially in light of the fact that many men and women have turned to full-spectrum CBD, which includes terpenes, to provide them with therapeutic benefits and both inflammation and pain reduction.
Though the study is not conclusive, it does help individuals get one step closer to understanding how terpenes work.
Terpenes are found in many different plants, including cannabis. They are comprised of hydrocarbons, which is essentially a combination of hydrogen and carbons. Terpenes are recognized by their strong odor, which is able to attract insects and animals. Cannabis features over 200 terpenes, and these terpenes are responsible for providing CBD with a unique smell. For those who are concerned, terpenes are non-psychoactive substances, so there is no issue using them. A few of the many terpenes found in cannabis include:
Though there are studies that suggest that terpenes found in cannabis can impact the cannabinoids and thus provide users with anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety qualities, the full potential and effects of such terpenes is still being studies. The most recent study, published in the journal of Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, focuses exclusively on terpenes and their therapeutic properties.
The aforementioned research study was conducted by researchers producing terpene-rich essential oils from hemp. Then, they conducted experiments on live mice to determine whether the terpenes derived from the hemp provided antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
The study featured thee various forms of hemp and each one was analyzed. Researchers determined the each type of hemp oil featured 48 terpene compounds. During the process, researchers also induced oxidative stress in the cell structure of the hemp and then determined how it impactive oxygen intermediates. The researchers determined that the hemp oil featuring terpenes was able to reduce oxidative stress on cell structures.
Next, the researchers injected mice with terpenes derived from hemp and noticed that it was able to reduce swelling. They did the same with CBD, which they noticed worked more effectively than just the terpene alone. This suggests that the terpenes interact with other compounds in the CBD to provide a better effect.
As for pain reduction, the researchers measured the impact on pain by first assessing a market for pain levels. Pain was signified by the amount of time it took for a mouse to retreat its paw after being poked with a needle. The faster the retreat, the higher level of pain. Researchers then treated the mice with terpene oil and CBD, separately, and noticed that the retreat was slower – and thus pain reduced – with both the terpene oil and the CBD. The CBD showed better results than just the terpene oil on its own.
Overall, the study addressed whether terpenes and cannabidiol featuring terpenes were able to reduce inflammation and pain. The study concluded that while terpenes on their own are effective, they are even more effective when they are in CBD. Though this is not conclusive evidence, it does provide some insight into the way terpenes and CBD work and from the looks of it, the outcomes are quite positive as well. From here, it’ll be interesting to see what other research comes out.